Francisco de Paula Candido Xavier

Francisco de Paula Candido Xavier


Birth: April 2, 1910 in Pedro Leopoldo, Brazil
Death: June 30, 2002 in Uberaba, Brazil


Famous Brazilian Spiritist medium. (Spiritism, the Brazilian form of Spiritualism, stems from the teachings of French Spiritist Allan Kardec.) Known throughout Brazil as ``Chico Xavier'' (pronounced Sheeko Shaveer), he was born April 2, 1910, in the town of Pedro Leopoldo in the central state of Minas Gerais. He was one of a family of nine children. His mother died when he was only five, but Chico saw her materialize after her death, and during his period at primary school three years later, be became accustomed to hearing voices and sensing spirit presences.

He won an honorable mention for an essay contest with an entry that appeared to be dictated to him by a spirit form. On being challenged to produce another ``spirit essay,'' he went straight to the blackboard and started writing a profound statement on the theme suggested, after which the teacher recommended he stop talking about spirit voices and pray on conventional Catholic lines.

He became a practicing medium in 1927 soon after one of his sisters was cured of apparent possession through the efforts of a healing medium. The whole Xavier family became Spiritists, and the medium's wife, Carmen Perácio, founded an evangelical Spiritist center, where Xavier manifested an ability for automatic writing. At one of these sessions, Perácio had a vision of a priestly spirit, ``Emmanuel,'' who became Xavier's spirit guide thereafter. Xavier's mediumship continued in the form of automatic writing from spirit dictation.

Although nearly blind in one eye through most of his life and with only a rudimentary primary education, Xavier produced a prodigious number of books recognizably in the style of hundreds of deceased Brazilian and Portuguese authors whose works he had never had the opportunity to study.

In addition, he visited invalids in the district and undertook voluntary social work at his Pedro Leopoldo Spiritist Center at Uberaba. Hundreds of visitors came to this center for a personal message delivered by Xavier in trance, with instructions on individual problems, whether spiritual or medical. He has written some 130 books, of which over 3,000,000 copies have been sold in 415 editions. Some of these books have been translated into Spanish, French, Japanese, Esperanto, and English.

His book Evolucão em dois mundos (Evolution in Two Worlds, 1959) was written in collaboration with Dr. Waldo Vieira, who lived 250 miles away. The chapters were written alternately in uniform style and continuity, and the work took only forty days. It contained scientific concepts beyond the medium's understanding, suggesting to many that such information does not come from the medium's subconscious. Brazilian Spiritists follow Allan Kardec in clearly distinguishing between escrita automatica (automatic writing involving the medium's subconscious) and psiografia (involving a spirit entity).

In spite of the enormous popularity of his prodigious literary output, Xavier never accepted payment for any of his books and even disclaimed personal credit by the phrase ``dictated by the spirit of-'' on the title page.

He left Brazil only on two occasions. In 1965 and 1966 he made brief trips to Spiritualist centers abroad and a pilgrimage to the tomb of Allan Kardec in Paris, France. He appeared on Brazilian television programs, but remained a modest, sincere individual who devoted his psychic gift to the service of mankind. He was made an honorary citizen of São Paulo in 1973, and was similarly honored by other cities and towns in Brazil, including Rio de Janeiro, Uberada, Campinas, and São Bernardo. In 1977, the government of Brazil endorsed Xavier's half century as a medium by issuing a postage stamp in his honor. This official recognition of Spiritism is unique to Brazil; the government has also issued postage stamps honoring Allan Kardec and his teachings.


Xavier, Francisco Candido. Christian Agenda. London: Regency Press, 1970.

------. The World of the Spirit. New York: Philosophical Library, n.d.


The above writeup was reproduced by permission from "Francisco Candido Xavier." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, 5th ed. Edited by J. Gordon Melton, 2001.

Additional Biographies and Obituaries:

Chico of the Spirits - Obituary from
Chico Xavier - Brazil's leading medium, his many books were dictated by the dead. (Obituary)
The Pope of Spiritism - a tribute on his passing
The Most Prolific Spiritist Medium in Brazil, Francisco de Paula Candido Xavier, returns to the Spiritual Plane - by Antonio Leite & Renan Lacerda from spiritists/
Francisco Candido Xavier - biography from
Francisco Candido Xavier - biography from
Brazilian Medium Francisco Xavier - from

Works via Chico Xavier translated into English

And life goes on--. (Original Portuguese title: E A Vida Continua) Philadelphia, PA : Allan Kardec Educational Society, 2000
Children From The Beyond. (Original Portuguese title: Crianças no Além) - Francisco C. Xavier & Caio Ramacciotii
Christian agenda. (Original Portuguese title: Agenda Cristã). Translated by: George C. Hart and Evelyn R. Morales, London : Regency Press, 1970
Disobsession. (Original Portuguese title: Desobsessão) - Andre Luiz & Fransciso C. Xavier
Translated by: Tânia Stevanin, Jussara Korngold and Maria Levinson
"Nosso Lar", the astral city, the story of a doctor's odyssey in the spirit world. Elon College, N.C., Christian Spirit Center, 1986
Our Daily Bread - (Original Portuguese title: Pão Nosso). Emmanuel & Francisco C. Xavier. Translated by: J. Korngold and M. Levinson
The world of the spirit. via Francisco C. Xavier & Waldo Vieira, New York, Philosophical Library, 1966

Works via Chico Xavier in Portuguese

Chico Xavier - Site Oficial (Portuguese) - free downloads of some books in Portuguese
Os 3 caminhos de HÈcate: crÙnicas do Irmo Saulo. Sao Paulo, 196?
AÁo e reaÁo. Rio de Janeiro, 1956
Alma e coraÁo, pelo espÌrito de Emmanuel. Sao Paulo, 1969
Amanhece. [Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brasil], 1976
Amor sem adeus. Araras, Brasil, 1978
Antologia de espiritualidade. Rio [de Janeiro] 1971
Antologia dos imortais, poetas diversos. Rio de Janiero, 1963
Antologia mediúnica do Natal: espÌritos diversos. Rio, 1967
Astronautas do alÈm. Sao Paulo, 1973
Auta de Souza. Sao Paulo, 1976
Ave, Cristo; romance ditado pelo espÌrito de Emmanuel. Rio de Janeiro, 1966
Baú de casos. Sao Paulo, 1977
BÍnÁo de paz: pelo espÌrito de Emmanuel. Sao Paulo, 1971
Bezerra, Chico e vocÍ [Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brazil], 1973
Brasil, coraÁo do mundo, p·tria do evangelho. Rio de Janeiro, 1957
Busca e achar·s [Saõ Paulo, Brasil ], 1976
A caminho da luz: histÛria da civilizaÁo. Rio de Janeiro, 1945
A caminho da luz; histÛria da civilizaÁo luz do espiritismo. Rio de Janeiro, 1961
Caminhos de volta [Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brasil], 1975
A caninho da Luz, histÛria da civilizaco. Rio de Janeiro, 1945
Caridade. Araras, Brasil, 1978
Castro Alves fala terra: antologia. Sao Paulo, Brasil, 1971
Cho de flores [Sso Paulo], 1975
Chico Xavier: a vida s as obras. Sao Paulo, 1987
Chico Xavier: dos hippies aos problemas do mundo. Sao Paulo, SP, 1990
Chico Xavier, mandato de amor Belo Horizonte: UEM, 1992
Chico Xavier no Pinga Fogo. Sao Paulo, 1971
Chico Xavier pede licenÁa; um aparte do alÈm nos di·logos da terra. Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brasil], 1972
Chico Xavier--dos hippies aos problemas do mundo. Sao Paulo, 1972
Coisas deste mundo. Sao Paulo 1977
Companheiro. Araras, 1979
Consolador. Rio De Janeiro, 1955
Contos Desta e Doutra Vida: Pelo Espirito Irmo X. Brasil, 1990
Conversa firme. Uberaba [Brasil], 1976
Correio fraterno [obra mediúnica] por diversos espÌritos. Rio [de Janeiro], 1970
D·divas espirituais. Sao Paulo, 1994
Desobsesso, pelo espÌrito de AndrÈ Luiz. Rio [de Janeiro], 1964
Deus sempre. Sao Paulo, 1976
Di·logo dos vivos [Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brasil], 1974
Dicion·rio da alma. MÈier, GB, 1964
DoaÁões de amor: [Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brasil], 1992
Os dois maiores amores [Sao Bernando do Campo, SP], 1983
E a vida continua . Rio de Janeiro, 1968
Encontros no tempo. Araras, Brasil, 1979
Entrevistas. Araras, SP, Brasil, 1975
Enxugando l·grimas: espÌritos diversos. Araras, Brasil, 1979
O espÌrito da verdade, autores diversos. Rio de Janeiro, 1970
O espÌrito de CornÈlio Pires; antologia poÈtica. Rio [de Janeiro], 1965
Estante da vida; [crÙnicas] Ditado pelo espÌrito de Irmo x. Rio, 1969
Estude e viva, pelos espÌritos de Emmanuel e AndrÈ Luiz. Rio, 1965
Filhos voltando. Sao Bernardo do Campo, SP, 1982
Gotas de Luz. Rio [de Janeiro], RJ, Brasil, 1987
H· dois mil anos . romance de Emmanuel. Rio de Janeiro, 1944
Ideias e ilustraÁões; espÌritos diversos. Rio, 1970
Igrejas e cassarões do. Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, 1973
Instrumentos do tempo [Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brasil], 1974
Jesus no lar, Rio de Janeiro, 1958
Jovens no alÈm. Sao Bernardo do Campo, 1975
JustiÁa divina, pelo espÌrito de Emmanuel. Rio de Janeiro, 1962
Leis de amor. Sao Paulo, 1965
Lira imortal: poesias. Sao Paulo, 1966
Luz acima . Rio de Janeiro, 1948
Mais luz, pelo espÌrito de BatuÌra. Sao Paulo, 1970
Mos marcadas: espÌritos diversos. Araras [Brasil], 1973
Mos unidas. Araras, Brasil, 1979
Mecanismos da mediunidade; Rio de Janeiro, 1960
Os mensageiros: pelo espÌrito AndrÈ Luiz. Rio, 1944
Mission·rios da luz: ditado pelo espÌrito AndrÈ Luiz. Rio de Janeiro, 1945
Na era do espÌrito. Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brasil, 1973
Na hora do testemunho. Sao Paolo, Brasil, 1978
Natal de Sabina. Sao Bernardo do Campo, [Brasil], 1973
No portal da luz; ditado pelo espÌrito de Emmanuel. Uberaba, 1967
Nos domÌnios da mediunidade. Rio [de Janeiro] GB, Brasil, 1954
Nosso lar, ditado pelo espÌrito de AndrÈ Luiz. Rio de Janeiro, 1944
Obreiros da vida eterna: ditado pelo espÌrito AndrÈ Luiz. Rio de Janeiro, 1946
Opinio espÌrita: ditado pelos espÌritos de Emmanuel e AndrÈ Luiz. Uberaba, [Brasil], 1963
Orvalho de luz (trovas mediúnicas); trovadores diversos. Uberaba [Brazil], 1969
Palavras de Emmanuel: conceitos e pensamentos extraÌdos das obras ditadas. Rio [de Janeiro], Brasil, 1954
Parnaso de alÈm-túmulo :autores espirituais diversos: Rio [de Janeiro], RJ, Brasil, 1978
Passos da vida; espiritos diversos. Uberaba [Brazil], 1972
Paulo e EstÍvo: episÛdios histÛricos do christianismo primitivo. Rio-RJ, Brasil, 1941
Recanto de paz. [Rio de Janeiro], 1976
Religio dos espÌritos, Rio de Janeiro, 1961
Respostas da vida. [Sao Paulo], 1976
Rosas com amor. Araras, [Brasil], 1979
Seara dos mÈdiuns; Rio de Janeiro, 1961
Sexo e destino. Rio, RJ, Brasil, 1963
Somos seis. Sao Bernardo do Campo, 1976
A terra e o semeador. Araras, Brasil, 1975
Testemunhos de Chico Xavier. Rio-RJ, Brasil, 1986
Trovadores do alÈm: antologia. Rio [de Janeiro], 1965
Trovas do outro mundo; trovadores diversos. Rio de Janiero, 1968
Vida e sexo. Ditado pelo espÌrito de Emmanuel. Rio [de Janeiro], 1970
A vida escreve: ditado pelo espÌrito de Hil·rio Silva. Rio de Janeiro, 1963
Volta Bocage; sonetos do Espirito de Manuel Maria de Barbosa du Bocage. Rio de Janeiro, 1947
Vozes do grande alÈm. Rio de Janeiro, 1957
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