The Enigma of Survival

The Case For and Against an After Life

PROFESSOR HORNELL NORRIS HART

[1888-1967]

 

 

Springfield, Illinois

1959

 

LIST OF SOURCES

 

Abbreviations

 

ASPR: American Society for Psychical Research BSPR: Boston Society for Psychical Research

BUL BSPR: Bulletin of the Boston Society for Psychical Research J ANIM BEHAV: Journal of Animal Behaviour

JASPR: Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research J CONSUL PSYCH: Journal of Consulting Psychology

JSPR: Journal of the Society for Psychical Research n.d.: No date Q J SCI: Quarterly Journal of Science

PROC ARISTO: Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society PSYCH BUL: Psychological Bulletin PSYCH REV: Psychological Review PSPR: Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research tr.: Translated

The city of publication and the name of the publisher are given only for books published since 1950. Persons desiring to locate books are advised to consult the libraries of the American and London societies for psychical research, the library of the Parapsychology Foundation, or that of the Parapsychology Laboratory at Duke University. The John William Graham collection in the Brown University Library in Providence, R.I., contains over 500 books on psychic subjects. The First Spiritual Temple of Boston also has an extensive library of Psychical books. The Library of Congress, the British Museum, and other large libraries may be useful.

 

Allison, Mrs. Lydia W., 'Proxy sitting with Mrs. Leonard,' PSPR 42 (1934), 104‑45

——'Obituary: The Reverend C. Drayton Thomas,' JASPR 48 (1954), 37‑48

Balfour, Gerald William, Earl of, 'Some recent scripts affording evidence of personal survival,' PSPR 27 (1914), 221‑49; 318‑32; 458‑91

Balfour, 'The ear of Dionysius: further scripts affording evidence of personal survival,' PSPR 29 (1918) 197‑243; 260‑86.

——A study of the psychological aspects of Mrs. Willett's mediumship, and of the statements of the communicators concerning process,' PSPR 43 (1935), 41‑318.

Barkworth, Thomas, 'Collective apparition,' JSPR 6 1893) 145‑46.

Barrett, Sir William F., 'Introduction to C. D. Thomas' New Evidence.... (1922).

——Death‑Bed Visions (1926).

Besterman, Theodore, Some Modern Mediums (1930).

——'A report of an inquiry into precognitive dreams,' PSPR 41 (1933),186‑204.

——(with Gerald Heard), 'Note on an attempt to locate in space the alleged direct voice observed in sittings with Mrs. Leonard,' JSPR 28 (1933), 84‑5.

Boring, Edwin, G., 'A psychological function is the relation of successive differentiations of events in the organism,' PSYCH REV 44 (1937), 459.

Bozzano, Ernest, Les Phenomenes Premonitoires (1913).

—— Polyglot Mediumship (1932).

—— Discarnate Influence in Human Life (n.d., but after 1937).

Broad, C. D., The Mind and Its Place in Nature (1925 and 1937).

——[Precognition] PROC ARISTO, SUP VOL 16 (1937), 177‑245.

——Religion, Philosophy, and Psychical Research: Selected Essays (Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York: 1953)

——'Letter to Hornell Hart,' 15 April, 1954.

——'The phenomenology of Mrs. Leonard's mediumship,' JASPR 49 (1955), 47‑63.

Brown, Spencer, Probability and Scientific Inference (London: Longmans, 1957)

Carington, Whately, 'The quantitative study of trance personalities,' PSPR 42 (1934) 173‑240; 43 (1935) 319‑61; 44 (1937) 189‑222; 45 (1938‑39) 223‑51

——'Experiments on the paranormal cognition of drawings,' PSPR 46 (1940‑41) 34‑151, 277‑344; 47 (1944) 155‑228.

——Telepathy: An Outline of its Facts, Theory and Implications (1945); Thought Transference (1946).

Carrington, Hereward, The Physical Phenomena of Spiritualism... (1907).

—— 'A discussion of the Willett scripts,' PSPR 27 (1914), 458‑66.

——The Story of Psychic Science (1930); 1931).

Census of Hallucinations (see Sidgwick, 1894)

Collins, B. Abdy, Why I do Believe in Survival: A Reply to Professor Dodds (1940).

——'Is proof of survival possible?' PSPR 46 (1941), 361‑76.

Coover, John Edgar, Experiments in Psychical Research (1917)

Crookes, Sir William, Researches in the Phenomena of Spiritualism (1873)

——P'residential address, British Association,' Science n.s. 8 (1898) 561‑75; 601‑12.

Dallas, Helen Alex, Objections to Spiritualism Answered (1916).

Dingwall, Eric J., 'Telepathy and clairvoyance in classical antiquity, J PARAPSYCH 10 (1946), 290‑309

——(with J. Langdon‑Davies), The UnknownIs it Nearer? (Cassell & Co., Ltd., London: 1956).

Dodds, E. R., 'Why I do not believe in survival,' PSPR 42 (1934), 147‑72.

Dougall, Lily, 'The good and evil in spiritualism,' In B. H. Streeter's Immortality: An Essay in Discovery (1933).

Driesch, Hans, Physical Research, the Science of the Supernormal (1933).

DuBois, Richard, 'The role of the conjurer in the investigation of Psychical phenomena,' JASPR 52 (1958) 2.

Ducasse, C. J., Nature, Mind, and Death (Open Court Pub. Co., LaSalle, Ill.: 1951).

——'Life after death,' in his A Philosophical Scrutiny of Religion (Ronald Press, New York: 1953) pp. 380‑412.

——'Physical phenomena in psychical research,' JASPR 52 (1958), 3‑23.

Dunne, J. W., An Experiment with Time (1927).

Eddy, Sherwood, You "Will Survive After Death (Rinehart & Co., New York: 1950).

Ely, Sumner Boyer, 'Telepathy, a survey,' Scientific Monthly 50 (1940), 171

Fast, Francis R., The Houdini Messages: The Facts Concerning the Messages Received Through the Mediumship of Arthur Ford (1929).

Findlay, J(ames) Arthur, On the Edge of the Etheric (1931)

Flammarion, Camille, The Unknown (1900).

——Death and Its Mystery (1922); id., Before Death (1922); id., After Death (1923)

Flew, Antony, A New Approach to Psychical Research (C. A. Watts & Co., London: 1953)

Flournoy, Theodore, Des Indes a la Planete Mars (1900).

Fodor, Nandor, Encyclopaedia of Psychic Science (1933)

Ford, Arthur, Nothing So Strange (Harper & Bros., New York: 1958).

Funk, Isaac K., The Psychic Riddle (1907)

Geley, G., From the Conscious to the Unconscious (1920).

Gregory, William, Animal Magnetism (before 1858).

Giles, H. A., Psychic Phenomena in China (1908).

Gurney, Edmund (with F. W. H. Myers, F. Podmore, and W. F. Barrett), 'Third report on thought‑transference,' PSPR 1 (1893), 170.

——'Note relating to some of the published experiments,' PSPR 5 (1888), 269‑70.

——(with Frederic W. H. Myers and Frank Podmore), Phantasms of the Living (2 vols., 1886). Abridged edition in one volume, edited by Mrs. Sidgwick (1918).

Hall, A. F. 'Comment on 'One crowded hour of glorious life,' PSPR 36 (1927), 455‑70; Piddington's reply, PP. 471‑6.

Hall, G. Stanley, 'Introduction' to Amy E. Tanner's Studies in Spiritism (1910).

Hart, Hornell (with Ella B. Hart), 'Visions and apparitions collectively and reciprocally perceived,' PSPR 41 (1933), 205‑49.

——'The psychic fifth dimension,' JASPR 47 (1953), 3‑32 and 47‑79.

——'ESP projection: spontaneous cases and the experimental method,' JASPR 48 (1954), 121‑46.

——'Six theories about apparitions: a co‑operative report with associated collaborators in the International Project for Research on ESP Projection,' PSPR 50 (1956), 153‑239

——'Psychical research and the methods of science: the Fourth John William Graham Lecture on psychic science, delivered at Brown University, 5 March, 1956,' JASPR 5 1 (1957), 85‑105

——'Hallucinatory psi experiences,' J PARAPSYCH 21 (1957), 74‑6

——'Mrs. Rhine's conclusions about survival: a critique,' J PARAPSYCH 21 (1957), 227‑37.

——'Do apparitions of the dead imply any intention on the part of the agent?' J PARAPSYCH 22 (1958) 59‑66.

Hettinger, J., The Ultra‑Perceptive Faculty (1940), and Exploring the Ultra‑Perceptive Faculty (1941); see critique by C. Scott (1949)

Hocking, William Ernest, 'Letters to Hornell Hart,' dated 21 February and 9 March, 1958.

Hodgson, Richard, 'A record of observation of certain phenomena of trance,' PSPR 8 (1892) 1‑167

——'A further record of observations of certain phenomena of trance" PSPR 13 (1897‑98), 284‑582.

——'Report on six sittings with Mrs. Thompson,' PSPR 17 (1902), 138‑61.

Holms, A. Campbell, Facts of Psychic Science and Philosophy (1925).

Howard, E. Lee, My Adventure into Spiritualism (1935)

Hyslop, James H. (with S. J. Davey), 'The possibilities of malobservation and lapse of memory from a practical point of view,' PSPR 4 (1886‑7).

——'A further record of observations of certain trance phenomena,' PSPR 16 (1901), 1‑649.

——Borderland of Psychical Research (1906).

——Enigmas of Psychical Research (1906).

——'Visions of the dying,' pp. 81 ‑108 in Psychical Research and the Resurrection (1908).

——'A case of alleged mind reading,' JASPR 13 (1919), 130‑6, 281‑3, 492‑4.

Irving, W. S., and Besterman, Theodore, 'Evidential extracts from sittings with Mrs. Leonard,' PSPR 40 (1931), 129‑61.

——'Report of a picture‑test obtained on 21 September, 1933,' JSPR 28 (1934), 280‑3

James, William, 'A record of observations of certain phenomena of trances,' PSPR 6 (1890), 651‑9.

Janet, Pierre, Psychological Healing (2 vols. 1925).

Jastrow, Joseph, Popular Science Monthly 57 (1900), 457.

——'The problems of psychical research,' in his Fact and Fable in Psychology, and 'The logic of mental telepathy' (1900).

——'The animus of psychical research,' Forum 71 (1924), 157‑61.

Johnson, Alice, 'On the automatic writing of Mrs. Holland,' PSPR 21 (1908‑9), 166‑391; second report 24 (1910), 201‑63; third report 25 (1911), 218‑303.

Johnson, Raynor C., The Imprisoned Splendor (Hodder and Stoughton, London: 1953), pp. 270‑93

Klebanoff, S. G.; Singer, Jerome L., and Wilensky, Harold, 'Psychological changes in organic brain lesions and oblations,' PSYCH BUL 42 (1945), 585‑623.

Lang, Andrew, The Making of Religion (1900).

Larsen, Caroline D., My Travels in the Spirit World (1927).

Lashley, K. C., 'Principle of mass action,' in Cerebral Mechanisms in Behaviour: The Hixon Symposium, Floyd A. Jeffress, ed. (Chapman & Hall, London: 1952).

——(with Chow, K. L., and Semmes, Josephine), 'An examination of the electrical field theory of cerebral integration,' PSYCH REV 58 (1951), 123‑36.

Leasor, James, The Millionth Chance: The Story of the R 101 Disaster (Hamish Hamilton, London: 1957).

Legge, James, The Chinese Classics, with a Translation etc., Vol. I (1893)

Leonard, Mrs. Gladys Osborne, My Life in Two Worlds (1931)

—— 'Letter to Hornell Hart,' 11 February, 1958

Leuba, James Henry, The Belief in God and Immortality (1916).

——'Religious beliefs in American scientists,' Harpers 169 (1934), 291‑300

Lodge, Sir Oliver, 'Evidence of classical scholarship and of cross-correspondence in some new automatic writings,' PSPR 25 (1911), 113‑75.

——Raymond, or Life and Death: with Examples of Evidence for Survival of Memory and Affection after Death (1916); Raymond Revised (1922).

——'A textbook of metapsychics' [by Charles Richet], Review and critique,' PSPR 34 (1923), 70‑106.

——My Philosophy (1933)

MacRobert, Alan F., 'Proxy sittings: a report of the study group series with Arthur Ford,' JASPR 48 (1954), 71‑3

Maeterlinck, Maurice, The Life of Space (1928).

Moll, Albert, Hypnotism (1889, 1909).

Morgan, S. R., Index to Psychic Science (The Author, Swarthmore, Pa., 1950)

Morrow, Robert S., and Mark, Joseph C., 'Intelligence of patients autopsied for brain damage,' J CONSUL PSYCH 19 (1955), 283‑9

Muldoon, Sylvan, and Hereward Carrington, Projection of the Astral Body (1929).

—— The Phenomena of Astral Projection (Rider & Co., London: 1951).

Mundle C. W. K., 'The experimental evidence for PK and precognition,' PSPR 48 (1950), 61‑78.

Murchison, Carl, The Case for and Against Psychical Belief (1927)

Murphy, Gardner, 'An outline of survival evidence,' JASPR 39 (1945), 2‑34.

——'Difficulties confronting the survival hypothesis,' JASPR 39 (1945), 67‑94; correspondence on same, 160‑72.

——'Field theory and survival,' JASPR 39 (1945), 181‑209

——Three Papers on the Survival Problem: 'An outline of survival evidence'; 'Difficulties confronting the survival hypothesis'; and 'Field theory and survival,' ASPR, n.d., after 1945.

——'An approach to precognition,' JASPR 42 (1948), 3‑14.

——'Triumphs and defeats in the study of mediumship,' JASPR 5 1 (1957), 125‑35.

Murray, Gilbert, 'Presidential address' [on his telepathic experiments], PSPR 29 (1915), 46‑63; (see also pp. 64‑110).

——'Report on further experiments in thought‑transference' (reported by Mrs. Henry Sidgwick), PSPR 34 (1924), 2 12‑74.

Myers, Frederic W. H. (with Lodge, Oliver; Leaf, Walter; and James, William), 'A record of observations of certain phenomena of trance,' Introduction by F. W. H. M., PSPR 6 (1890), 436‑659.

——'The subliminal self, the relation of supernormal phenomena to time; Chap. VIII. Retrocognition. Chap. IX. Precognition,' PSPR it (1895), 334‑593.

——'On the trance‑phenomena of Mrs. Thompson,' PSPR 44 (1902), 67‑74.

——Human Personality and its Survival of Bodily Death (1903, two vols.); new edition ‑with an Introduction by Gardner Murphy (New York: 1954) by arrangement with Garrett Publications.

Osty, Eugene, Supernormal Faculties in Man, tr. by Stanley deBrath (1923)

Owen, Robert Dale, Footfalls on the Boundary of Another World (1860).

——The Debatable Land (1871).

Pagenstecher, G., 'Past events seership: a study in psychometry,' PASPR 16 (1922), 1‑136.

Parsons, Denys, 'On the need for caution in assessing mediumistic material,' PSPR 48 (1946‑9), 344‑52.

Penfield, Wilder, 'Studies of the cerebral cortex of man. A review and an interpretation,' pp. 284‑307 in Brain Mechanisms and Consciousness: A Symposium., edited by Edgar D. Adrian. The Symposium occurred on 23 to

28 August, 1953, and the hook was published in 1954.

—— (With H. Jasper) Epilepsy and the Functional Anatomy of the Human Brain (Little, Brown & Co., New York, 1959).

—— 'Some observations on the functional organization of the human brain,' read before the American Philosophical Society on April 23, 1954, and published in its Proceeding, 98 (1954), 293‑7

—— Id., reprinted in Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 19557 PP. 433‑440

—— 'Some mechanisms of consciousness discovered during electrical stimulation of the brain,' National Academy of Sciences Proceedings, February 1958.

——'Functional localization and deep sylvan areas,' Proceedings of the Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Diseases, 36 (1958), 210.

Piddington, J. G., 'A series of concordant automatisms,' PSPR 2.2

(1908), 19‑416.

——'Three incidents from the sittings: Lethe,' PSPR 24 (1910), 86‑169.

——'One crowded hour of glorious life,' PSPR 36 (1926), 345‑75.

——'Reply to A. F. Hall,' PSPR 36 (1927), 471‑6.

Pigou, Prof. A. C., 'Psychical research and survival after bodily death,' PSPR 23 (1909), 286‑304.

Podmore, Frank W., Modern Spiritualism: A History and a Criticism (2 vols., 1902).

——The Newer Spiritualism (1910, 1911).

Pratt, J. G., 'Toward a method of evaluating mediumistic material,' BUL BSPR 23 (1936), and Birge, William R., 'Appraising verbal test material in parapsychology,' J PARAPSYCH 12 (1948), 236‑256.

Price, George R., 'Science and the supernatural,' SCIENCE 122 (1955), 359‑67

Price, Harry (with Dingwall, Eric), Revelations of a Spirit Medium (1891, 1922).

—— Leaves from a Psychist's Casebook (1933)

——Fifty Years of Psychical Research (1939)

——'Haunting and the psychic ether hypothesis,' PSPR 45 (1939), 317‑28.

——'Questions about telepathy and clairvoyance,' PHILOSOPHY 15 (1945), 363‑85.

——'Survival and the idea of another world,' PSPR 50 (1953), 1‑25

——'Heaven and hell from the point of view of Psychical research,' Aryan Path (Jan. & Feb. 1956).

——Letters to Hornell Hart, 28 February, and 2 May, 1958.

Prince, Walter Franklin, 'Certain characteristics of veridical mediumistic phenomena compared with those of phenomena generally conceded to be telepathic,' JASPR 15 (1920, 559‑75.

—— 'Studies in psychometry,' PASPR 18 (1924), 178‑352.

—— Noted Witnesses for Psychic Occurrences (1928).

—— The Enchanted Boundary: being a survey of Negative Reactions to Claims of Psychic Phenomena, 1820‑1930 (1930)

—— Human Experiences, BUL BSPR 14 (1931).

—— The Sinclair Experiments Demonstrating Telepathy (1932).

——'Some highlights [on the Margery mediumship],' BUL BSPR 22 (1934)

Rhine, J. B., 'The possibility of proving survival,' JSPR 28 (1933), 35‑45).

—— Extrasensory Perception (1934).

—— with J. G. Pratt, Burke M. Smith, Charles E. Stuart, and Joseph Greenwood, Extrasensory Perception after Sixty Years: a Critical Appraisal of the Research in Extrasensory Perception (1940).

——Precognition reconsidered,' J PARAPSYCH 9 (1945), 264‑77 (bibl.).

——with J. G. Pratt, Parapsychology: Frontier Science of the Mind (Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Ill., 1957).

——'Science looks at life after death,' American Weekly, 8 December, 1957, 6‑8 and 28.

Rhine, Mrs. Louisa E., 'Hallucinatory psi experiences: 1. An introductory survey; II. The initiative of the percipient in hallucinations of the living, the dying, and the dead; III. The intention of the agent and the dramatizing tendency of the percipient,' J PARAPSYCH 20 (1956), 233‑56; 21 (1957), 13‑46, 186‑226.

Richet, Charles, Thirty Years of Psychical Research, tr. by Stanley deBrath (1923).

Richmond, Kenneth, 'Preliminary studies of the recorded Leonard material,' PSPR 44 (1936), 17‑52.

Rinn, Joseph, Sixty Years of Psychical Research (The Truth Seeker Company, New York. 1950).

Rusk, Howard A., 'Symposium of the Fifth International Congress of Internal Medicine', as reported by Harold M. Schmeck, Jr., N. Y. Times, 27 April, 1958, P. 25.

Salter, Helen deG., 'Obituary‑the Rev. C. Drayton Thomas,' J PARAPSYCH 17 (1953), 3 10‑11.

Salter, W. H., Ghosts and Apparitions (1938)

—— Letter to Hornell Hart, 8 April, 1954.

Salter, Mrs. W. H., 'A further report or sittings with Mrs. Leonard,' PSPR 32 (1922), 1‑143

Some observations on the scripts of the SPR group of automatists,' JASPR 45 (1951), 47‑54.

Saltmarsh, H. F., 'A report on the investigation of some sittings with Mrs. Warren Elliott,' PSPR 39 (1929), 47‑184.

——'A method of estimating the supernormal content of mediumistic communications,' PSPR 39 (1930‑31), 266‑71.

——'Is proof of survival possible?' PSPR 40 (1931), 105‑22 and 126‑28.

——'Report of cases of apparent precognition,' PSPR 42 (1934), 49‑103 Foreknowledge (1938).

——Evidence of Personal Survival from Cross‑correspondences (1938)

——'Ambiguity in the question of Survival,' PSPR 46 (1941), 345‑60.

Schmeidler, Gertrude R. (with Lydia Allison), 'A repetition of Carington's experiments with free drawings,' JASPR 42 (1948), 97‑107.

——'Analysis and evaluation of proxy sessions with Mrs. Caroline Chapman,' J PARAPSYCH 22 (June 1958), 137‑55.

Schmoll, A., and Mabire, J. E., 'Experiments in thought‑transference, PSPR 5 (1888‑9), 208‑15.

Schrenck‑Notzing, Baron von, Phenomena of Materialization, tr. by E. E. Fournier d'Albe (1920).

Scott, C., 'Experimental object‑reading: A critical review of the work of Dr. J. Hettinger,' PSPR 49 (1949), 16‑50

Scott, Christopher, 'G. Spencer Brown and Probability,' JSPR 39 (1958), 217‑40.

Seymour, Charles J., This Spiritualism: Results of an Inquiry (1940).

Sherman, Harold (with Sir Hubert Wilkins), Thoughts through Space (1942).

——You Live After Death (1949).

Sidgwick, Henry, Presidential address, PSPR 1 (1882), 12.

Sidgwick, Mrs. Henry, 'On the evidence for premonitions,' PSPR 5 (1888‑9), 288‑354.

——'Experiments in Thought‑Transference,' PSPR 9 (1892).

——(with F. W. H. Myers, Frank Podmore and Alice Johnson), 'Report on the Census of Hallucinations,' PSPR 10 (1894) 25‑422.

——'A contribution to the study of the psychology of Mrs. Piper's trance phenomena,' PSPR 28 (1915), 1‑652.

——'On the development of different types of evidence for survival in the work of the Society,' PSPR 29 (1917), 245‑59.

——'A case delayed too long,' JSPR 18 (1918), 209‑11.

—— 'An examination of book tests obtained in sittings with Mrs. Leonard,' PSPR 31 (1921), 241‑400.

—— 'Phantasms of the living,' PSPR 33 (1923), 23‑429.

——'On hindrances and complications in telepathic communication,' PSPR 34 (1924), 28‑69.

——'Report on further experiments in thought‑transference carried out by Professor Gilbert Murray,' PSPR (1924), 212‑74.

Sinclair, Upton, Mental Radio (1930).

'Six theories about apparitions,' (see Hart, 1956).

Soal, S. G., 'A report on some communications received through Mrs. Blanche Cooper [Including: The case of Gordon Davis],' PSPR 35 (1926), 471‑594.

——'A method of estimating the supernormal content of mediumistic communications,' PSPR 39 (1929), 266‑71.

——(with K. M. Goldney), 'Experiments in precognitive telepathy,',PSPR 47 (1943), 22‑150.

——(with F. Bateman, Modern Experiments in Telepathy (Yale Univ. Press, 1951: New Haven: same Faber & Faber, Ltd., London, 1954).

——'The Shackleton report: an error discovered,' JSPR 38 (1956), 216.

——(with H. T. Bowden), The Mind Reader: Recent Experiments in Telepathy (London: publication pending).

——Letter to Hornell Hart, 11 March, 1958.

SPR Committee on Thought‑Reading (Thought‑Transference), 'First report,' 'Second report,' and 'Third report,' PSPR 1 (1882‑3)

Stevens, William Oliver, Beyond the Sunset: New Vistas to Immortality (E. P. Dutton & Co., New York: 1944).

——Psychics and Common Sense (1953).

Tanner, Amy E., Studies in Spiritism (1910), pp. 166‑258.

Taves, Ernest; Murphy, Gardner; and Dale, L. A., 'American experiments on the paranormal cognition of drawings,' JASPR 39 (1945), 144‑50

Thomas, Rev. C(harles) Drayton, Some New Evidence for Human Survival (1922).

—— Life Beyond Death with Evidence (1928).

—— 'The modus operandi of trance‑communication according to descriptions received through Mrs. Osborne Leonard,' PSPR 38 (1928‑9), 49‑100

——Mental Phenomena of Spiritualism (1930 and 1947).

——'A consideration of a series of proxy sittings,' PSPR 41 (1932‑3),139‑85‑

——'The word association test with Mrs. Osborne Leonard,' PSPR 43 (1935), 371‑96.

——'A proxy case extending over eleven sittings with Mrs. Osborne Leonard,' PSPR 43 (1935), 439‑519

——An Amazing Experiment (1936).

——'The originating mind in evidential trance messages,' JSPR 30 (1937), 126‑32.

——In the Dawn Beyond Death (1937).

——'A proxy experiment of significant success,' PSPR 45 (1939), 257‑306.

——'A new type of proxy case,' JASPR 31 (1939), 103‑4; 120‑2. 'The volume of Byron: a significant book‑test,' PSPR 48 (1946 9),230‑7.

——'A new hypothesis concerning trance‑communications,' PSPR 48 (1947), 121‑63

——'Forecasts and precognition,' PSPR 48 (1948), 306‑29.

——Precognition and Human Survival: A New Type of Evidence (Psychic Press, London: 1949).

Thomas, John F., Beyond Normal Cognition: An Evaluative and Methodological Study of the Mental Content of Certain Trance Phenomena (1937).

Thouless, Robert H., 'Review of Mr. Whately Carington's work on trance personalities,' PSPR 44 (1937), 223‑77.

Trowbridge, Lady Una, 'The modus operandi in so‑called mediumistic trances,' PSPR 32 (1922), 344‑78

Tyrrell, G. N. M., Science and Psychical Phenomena (1938)

——Apparitions (Gerald Duckworth & Co., London: 1942, 1953)

——Personality of Man (London, 1947, and Baltimore, 1954; bibl.).

——Homo Faber (Methuen, London: 1951).

——The Nature of Human Personality [a sequel to The Personality of Man] (George Allen & Unwin, London: 1954).

Van Eeden, Dr. G., 'Account of sittings with Mrs. Thompson,' PSPR 17 (1901), 81‑4.

Verrall, Mrs. A. W., 'Notes on the trance phenomena of Mrs. Thompson,' PSPR 17 (1902), 164‑244.

——'On a series of automatic writings,' PSPR 20 (1906), 1‑432.

——'Report on a series of experiments in guessing,' PSPR 29 (1915), 64‑110

Verrall, Miss H. deG., 'The history of Marthe Beraud,' PSPR 27 (1914), 333‑ff.

Vraa‑Jensen, G., 'Cerebral changes in certain presenile and senile psychoses,' ACTA PSYCHIATRICA 30 (1955), 375‑83.

Walsted, Ward C., 'Lesions in brain structure and alterations in intellect,' in Cerebral Mechanisms in Behaviour: The Hixon Symposium, Floyd A. Jeffress, ed. (Chapman & Hall, London: 1952).

West, D. J., 'The investigation of spontaneous cases,' PSPR 48 (1948), 264‑300 (bibl.).

——Psychical Research Today (Gerald Duckworth & Co., Ltd., London: 1954).

Whymant, A. Neville, Psychic Adventures in New York (1931).

Whyte, L. L., 'A hypothesis regarding brain modifications underlying memory,' BRAIN 77 (1954), 158‑65.

Worcester, Elwood, Body, Mind and Spirit (1931).

Yerkes, R. M. 'The intelligence of earthworms,' J ANIM 2 (1912), 332‑52.